Fengyun Series

The Chinese meteorological satellites Fengyun, or FY in acronym, take place in series. The odd number series is the polar-orbiting satellite series, the even number series the geostationary. Each satellite takes the alphabetic order according to its seat in launching sequence. For instance, the 'FY-2B' indicates the second satellite that has been launched in the FY-2 geostationary series.

Usually, the first two satellites are of experimental purpose in a series before it becomes fully operational; for smooth transition, launching of a new series satellite is arranged in time to allow for parallel operating till the new series replaces the old.

Development and implementation of Fengyun Meteorological Satellite Programs is the national cause upon which converges the effort from many institutes that undertake the production of satellite and carrier rocket, launching, telemetry & control, as well as the ground application. It is by the join effort of these institutions a complete meteorological satellite application system has been established and NSMC has become the operator of both polar-orbiting and geostationary meteorological satellites. The Fengyun satellites are becoming more and more important in protecting lives and property of people from natural disasters.

Fengyun LEO Satellites

Series Name Launch End Altitude ECT Status Instruments
FY-1 FY-1A 1988-09 1988-10 900km 11:30 asc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1B 1990-09 1991-08 900km 16:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1C 1999-05 2004-04 862km 15:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-1D 2002-02 2011-05 866km 17:00 desc Inactive MVISR, SEM
FY-3 FY-3A 2008-05 2018-03 836km 17:05 desc Inactive MERSI, VIRR, MWHS, MWRI, MWTS, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM, ERM, SEM
FY-3B 2010-11 ≥2018 836km 14:45 asc Operational MERSI, VIRR, MWHS, MWRI, MWTS, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM, ERM, SEM
FY-3C 2013-09 ≥2018 836km 10:15 desc Operational MERSI, VIRR, MWHS, MWRI, MWTS, IRAS, TOU, SBUS, SIM, ERM, GNOS, SEM
FY-3D 2017-11 ≥2022 836km 14:00 asc Operational MERSI, MWTS, MWHS, HIRAS, MWRI, GAS, WAI, IPM, GNOS, SEM
FY-3E 2021-07 ≥2026 831km 06:00 desc Testing MERSI, MWTS, MWHS, WindRad, HIRAS, IPM, X-EUV, SIM, SSIM, GNOS, SEM
FY-3F Planned 2022 ≥2027 TBD TBD Planned MERSI, MWTS, MWHS, MWRI, HIRAS, OMS, ERM, SIM, GNOS
FY-3G Planned 2022 ≥2027 TBD TBD Planned MERSI, MWTS, MWHS, MWRI, HIRAS, GAS, WAI, IPM, GNOS
FY-3R Planned 2022 ≥2028 TBD 407km Planned MERSI, MWTS, MWHS, WindRad, MWRI, HIRAS, OMS, ERM, SIM, GNOS
TanSat TanSat 2016-12 ≥2018 712km 13:30 asc Operational ACGS, CAPI

Fengyun GEO Satellites

Series Name Launch End Long Status Instruments
FY-2 FY-2A 1997-06 1998-04 105°E Inactive VISSR, SEM
FY-2B 2000-06 2006-02 105°E Inactive VISSR, SEM
FY-2C 2004-10 2009-11 123.5°E Inactive VISSR, SEM
FY-2D 2006-12 2015-07 86.5°E Inactive VISSR, SEM
FY-2E 2008-12 ≥2018 86.5°E Standby VISSR, SEM
FY-2F 2012-01 ≥2018 112.5°E Operational VISSR, SEM
FY-2G 2014-12 ≥2018 99.5°E Operational VISSR, SEM
FY-2H 2018-06 ≥2022 79°E Operational VISSR, SEM, SXM
FY-4 FY-4A 2016-12 ≥2021 104.7°E Operational AGRI, GIIRS, LMI, SEP
FY-4B 2021-06 ≥2028 123.5°E Testing AGRI, GIIRS, GHI, SEP, XEUV
FY-4C Planned 2022 ≥2029 TBD Planned AGRI, GIIRS, LMI, SEP, SXEUV
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Timeline of Fengyun (2018)
Timeline of Fengyun (2018)